On their way to California, the pilgrim Oatman family were attacked by Yavapai Indians. Mother, father and 4 children were killed, one son escaped and two daughters were kidnapped. The girls taken as slaves were beaten and tortured. Later traded to the Mohave tribe they were then tattooed on the face and arms to identify them as one of their own. Although treated well Mary Ann the younger sister died of starvation. The Federal Government having learned of her captivity rescued Olive. However, she suffered from Stockholm syndrome and could not acclimate. She wrote a book about her life called Captivity of the Oatman Girls.

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